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Most of Russia has a moderate continental climate. Only the islands of the Arctic Ocean and the continental regions of the Russian Far North lie in the cold zone. In the south, Russias part of the Black Sea coast enjoys a subtropical climate. As the territory of the country is extensive, there is a wide range of climate zones in between, including the tundra, forest, steppe, and semi-desert zones. 


Weather forecast for Moscow

Moving west to east from St. Petersburg, one moves from relatively mild winters and moderate summers to Siberia, which is characterized by heavy frost in winter and a short, hot, and humid summer. Further east one reaches the maritime zone of the Russian Far East characterized by frequent strong winds and the monsoons that flow from the continent toward the Pacific Ocean in winter and from the opposite direction in summer.  

The average temperature over Russias territory varies from 1 to -50 degrees centigrade in January and from 1 to +25 degrees in July. Precipitation ranges from 100 to 1,000 mm per annum. In winter, almost all of the Russian Federation is covered by snow. The length of time that snow remains on the ground varies from forty to 200 days in European Russia, and from 120 to 250 days in Siberia. 


Weather forecast for Verkhoyansk

The long, cold winter has a profound impact on almost every aspect of life in the Russian Federation. It affects where and how long people live and work, what kinds of crops are grown, and where they are grown (no part of the country has a year-round growing season). The length and severity of the winter, together with the sharp fluctuations in the mean summer and winter temperatures, impose special requirements on many branches of the economy.  

In regions of permafrost, buildings must be constructed on pilings, machinery must be made of specially tempered steel, and transportation systems must be engineered to perform reliably in extremely low and extremely high temperatures. In addition, during extended periods of darkness and cold, there are increased demands for energy, health care, and textiles. 


Weather forecast for Sochi

Russias climatic contrasts are quite stark: while the temperature in Verkhoyansk, a town in Sakha, Siberia, may drop to as low as 70 degrees centigrade in winter and the soil there is permanently frozen, in the resort city of Sochi on the Black Sea coast snow is infrequent and melts rapidly in winter and the palm trees are evergreen.  

Russias capital of Moscow is located in a moderate continental climate with the average temperature of -10.2 degrees in January and +18.1 degrees in July. Precipitation is 540-650 mm per annum, and the ground remains covered by snow from the end of November to early April.




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