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traditional societies
modern societies

Uneven Development

industrialised nations of Europe and North America
colonial countries
middle group of modernising, developing states (e.g. Spain, Japan, Italy, Russia)

Globalisation and Competition

Early modern history was the dawn of "globalisation"
New geographical and scientific discoveries
More efficient means of travel and communication
Development of economic relations based on the market
Countries now actively interacted as parts of a system
A nation's economic and social backwardness, inability to set up an effective system of government posed a threat to its sovereignty
The government systems of more advanced countries provided models to be imitated
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Lecture Bullet Points
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Reform and Westernisation

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Russian Federation

The "Catching up" Cycles
"Non-organic" Reforms
Great Leap to Capitalism
Russia's Privatization
Deformed Capitalism
Coping with Transition
The Yeltsin Era
Yeltsin's Legacy
Putin's Plan
Russian Federalism
The Chechen Problem
"Deprivatizing" the State
First and Second Dumas
Third and Fourth Dumas
Civil Society
"Controlled" Democracy

Post-Soviet Geopolitics

Paradoxes of Russian Mentality
Economy under Putin
The Putinite Order
Putin's Choice
People Speak (Opinion Polls)
Tables and Statistics

Russia from A to Z

Images & Video