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Strategic Location

 
Chechnya is situated on the northern flank of the Greater Caucasus range
It is bordered by Stavropol region on the north, the Dagestan republic on the east and southeast, Georgia on the southwest, and the Ingushetia republic on the west
In the mid-1990s its population was about 850,000
The Chechen are Muslim. Their society is based on clan and tribal relations
Traditionally, the Chechens chief occupations were farming in the lowlands in the north of the republic and cattle raising in the mountain areas in the south
Under the Soviets oil drilling and refining became the backbone of the Chechen economy. Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, became one of the largest oil-refining centers in Russia
Chechnya is a transport junction, which accommodates the railway and highway connecting southern Russia with Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan
It is also a transit corridor, which accommodates the pipelines supplying oil and natural gas from the Caspian and central Asian regions to Europe.
 
Ethnic groups 2002 census
Chechens 1,031,647 (93.5%)
Russians 40,645 (3.7%)
Kumyks 8,883 (0.8%)
Ingushes 2,914 (0.3%)
Others 19,597 (1.8%)
 
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The Chechen Problem

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Russian Federation

The "Catching up" Cycles
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Great Leap to Capitalism
Russia's Privatization
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Coping with Transition
The Yeltsin Era
Yeltsin's Legacy
Putin's Plan
Russian Federalism
The Chechen Problem
"Deprivatizing" the State
First and Second Dumas
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Civil Society
"Controlled" Democracy

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