All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links


Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...


The Move toward Secession


Secessionist sentiments emerged in Checheno-Ingushetia in 1991 as the Soviet Unions decline accelerated. A Chechen politician, Dzhokhar Dudayev (1944-96), quickly rose to the position of the chief champion of Chechen independence. 

Dzhokhar Dudaev

He was a former Soviet officer who had risen steadily in the air force to assume command of the strategic air base at Tartu, Estonia, in 1987 with the rank of major general.

Dudayev retired from the air force in May 1990 and returned to Grozny to devote himself to local politics. In November 1990 he was elected head of the Executive Committee of the unofficial opposition All-National Congress of the Chechen People, which advocated an enhanced political status for Chechnya as a separate republic within the USSR.

In August 1991, following the collapse of the conspiracy of the Communist hardliners in Moscow, Dudayev and his supporters carried out a coup against the local Communist government in Checheno-Ingushetia. The union imposed on the Chechen and Ingush by the Soviet authorities was dissolved, and Checheno-Ingushetia was divided into two separate republics: Chechnya and Ingushetia.

In October Dudayev was elected Chechen president in the rigged presidential election, in which less than 20 percent of those eligible to vote took part. In November he unilaterally declared Chechnyas independence from the Russian Federation. Russias supreme legislature of the time the Congress of Peoples Deputies immediately declared the election of the Chechen president illegal and his decrees devoid of legal force.

Although Russia refused to recognize Chechnyas move toward secession, it hesitated to use force against the separatists. In addition, the federal authorities were absorbed by an internal political crisis caused by the fierce confrontation between different branches of power in Moscow in 1992-93. 

Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 Alex Chubarov All Rights Reserved


The Chechen Problem

Learn Russian with Us

Russian Federation

The "Catching up" Cycles
"Non-organic" Reforms
Great Leap to Capitalism
Russia's Privatization
Deformed Capitalism
Coping with Transition
The Yeltsin Era
Yeltsin's Legacy
Putin's Plan
Russian Federalism
The Chechen Problem
"Deprivatizing" the State
First and Second Dumas
Third and Fourth Dumas
Civil Society
"Controlled" Democracy

Post-Soviet Geopolitics

Paradoxes of Russian Mentality
Economy under Putin
The Putinite Order
Putin's Choice
People Speak (Opinion Polls)
Tables and Statistics

Russia from A to Z

Images & Video