All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links

Русская версия

 
 

Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...

 

Transition to the Nation States

 

The USSR was an unusual empire: in its policies toward the non-Russian republics the emphasis was on socioeconomic and cultural development rather than crude exploitation of the resources and populations of the ethnic fringes. In the postwar period ethnic elites evolved into organized groups with their own identity and interests. They became the prime movers of the Soviet disintegration.  

 
Mikhail Saakashvili

The period from 1991 to 2005 may be interpreted as the transition from empire to new nation states. During that period Russia used its traditional "imperial" approach in dealing with the former sister republics. It supported the economies of its former "colonies" in return for political loyalty and hopes of reintegration.

However, during the transitional period national identity in the new states was being formed on the principle "we are not them" (i.e., not Russia or Russians) and on distancing from the former imperial centre. The process of nation building in the republics soon brought to the fore pro-Western and nationalist forces. Leaders of the new generation of politicians, such as Mikhail Saakashvili in Georgia or Viktor Yushchenko in Ukraine, used nationalism and Western support to stage "orange revolutions" and to remove from power "pro-Russian" clans.

Viktor Yushchenko

The generation change has affected Russia's own attitude toward these countries. Putin's generation of Russian politicians is less sentimental about Soviet "shared legacy." The emphasis now is on promoting Russia's economic interests. Subsidies and barter in relations with the former union republics are replaced by market relations. Under Putin, the relations between Russia and its former sister republics are being gradually transformed into normal ties between nation states. 

As Russia emerges from the shadows of its imperial predecessor it is learning to keep in check its "neo-imperialist" instincts as it moves into the "post-imperial" stage in its relations with the new independent states. Russia has sufficient resources to compete successfully for the influence in the near abroad with other global players, such the United States, European Union, and China. Ultimately, Russia's successful modernization will be the most reliable basis for its continued economic and cultural influence in the region.   

 PREVIOUS  NEXT
 
Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
 
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 — Alex Chubarov — All Rights Reserved

 
 

Post-Soviet Geopolitics

Learn Russian with Us

Russian Federation

The "Catching up" Cycles
"Non-organic" Reforms
Great Leap to Capitalism
Russia's Privatization
Deformed Capitalism
Coping with Transition
The Yeltsin Era
Yeltsin's Legacy
Putin's Plan
Russian Federalism
The Chechen Problem
"Deprivatizing" the State
First and Second Dumas
Third and Fourth Dumas
Civil Society
"Controlled" Democracy

Post-Soviet Geopolitics

Paradoxes of Russian Mentality
Economy under Putin
The Putinite Order
Putin's Choice
People Speak (Opinion Polls)
Tables and Statistics
Maps
Links

Russia from A to Z

Images & Video