All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links

Đóńńęŕ˙ âĺđńč˙


Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...


2003 Duma Elections

United Russia CPRF



The election cycle of December 2003 has provided further evidence that the influence of the “old” parliamentary parties is decreasing and Russia is moving toward a hegemonic one-party system. The main result of the 2003 elections has been a further consolidation of the political supremacy of the “party of bosses,” United Russia, led by Boris Gryzlov, who has also become the speaker of the Fourth Duma. Although Putin is not formally a member of any party, United Russia is directly and publicly associated with the president and the state apparatus both of the federal and region levels.



Union of Right Forces

Although it garnered 37.09 percent on the party-list vote, United Russia managed to lure into its ranks deputies from other parliamentary factions, including some independents, and has established its control of the two-thirds majority in the Duma (68% of all seats). In other words, United Russia now commands the majority big enough to make amendments to the Constitution. 

December 2003 Election to the State Duma

Successful parties/blocs Party-list votes %
   United Russia








   Yabloko 4.34

   Union of Right Forces


The 2003 elections have also resulted in a significant weakening of the Communists who have lost nearly half of the seats they had in the previous Duma. At the same time, the two populist parties – Zhirinovsky’s LDPR and the newcomer Motherland, which exploited nationalist and “antioligarchical” slogans – have staged a surprise success. The two liberal parties – Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces – suffered a humiliating defeat failing to overcome the five percent minimal threshold needed to enter the parliament.

Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 — Alex Chubarov — All Rights Reserved


Third & Fourth Dumas

Learn Russian with Us

Russian Federation

The "Catching up" Cycles
"Non-organic" Reforms
Great Leap to Capitalism
Russia's Privatization
Deformed Capitalism
Coping with Transition
The Yeltsin Era
Yeltsin's Legacy
Putin's Plan
Russian Federalism
The Chechen Problem
"Deprivatizing" the State
First and Second Dumas
Third and Fourth Dumas
Civil Society
"Controlled" Democracy

Post-Soviet Geopolitics

Paradoxes of Russian Mentality
Economy under Putin
The Putinite Order
Putin's Choice
People Speak (Opinion Polls)
Tables and Statistics

Russia from A to Z

Images & Video