national flag is a white, blue, and red tricolor that is almost 300
years old. Peter the Great introduced it in 1705 as the flag of the
Russian merchant fleet. It finally became the national flag in 1883
on the decree of Alexander III.
the civil war of 1918-1920, the Bolsheviks adopted the revolutionary
red flag and were known as the Reds, whereas their opponents – the
Whites – fought and lost under the imperial white, blue, and red
tricolor was resurrected as the national flag of Russia following
the failed August 1991 coup, mainly as a symbol of the victory of
the democratic forces of Russia over the conservatives in the Soviet
leadership who had launched the coup as the final, and unsuccessful,
attempt to reinstate centralist controls.