Russians favour greater social protection
The poll was taken on
28 February 2005.
Pension reform, benefit monetization, housing and public utilities
reform and new Housing Code - all these innovations affected
interests of the majority of Russian population - to bigger or
smaller extent. Against this background 1500 respondents
from more than 100 cities and towns of Russia
were asked the following question:
If you look back at the last decade what line of country’s
development would you prefer?
The results were the following (click to enlarge):
More than a half of the respondents (57%) think that the reforms
should be carried out, but they should have more social character.
Almost every fifth respondent (21%) thinks that it is necessary to
turn back to socialism.
About 17% of the respondents are sure that
the current reform policy should be carried on.
5% of the
respondents find it difficult to answer this question.
Respondents from the Far East region
(8%), the Urals region (12%) and the North-West region (13%) want to
turn back to socialism least of all. The respondents from the Far
East (78%) and in the Urals (69%) most of all insist on reforms
providing social protection. Current reform policy suits the South
region respondents more than the respondents from the other
districts – 20%.
Respondents of rural area (23%) and towns with population less than
100 thousand (24%) hope of return to socialism, while the
respondents from big cities (67%) insist on strengthening of social
protection during reforming. Current reform policy suits the
respondents from cities with population of 500 thousand – 1 mln
people more than the respondents from the other areas– 21%.
As to age split of the collected answers, it is not a big surprise
that return to socialism was chosen mainly by the respondents of age
60 and above – 40%. The respondents aged 25-34 insist that the
reforms should have more social character – 62%. And current reform
policy suits the respondents of age 18-24 more than the others –
If answers are split by education level, the following relation can
be noted: the higher is the education level, the smaller is the
number of respondents who want return of socialism and the larger is
the number of those who think that the reforms should have social
character. The same correlation is obtained when splitting the
answers by income level.
This question has been asked by ROMIR Monitoring for several years
already. So the changes of the attitude of the Russians towards
reforming are the following:
As we can see, during the last 4,5 years the number of
respondents which would prefer that Russia returned to socialism
remained almost the same – 25-21%. Current reforms received maximum
support in December 2002 (30%), but after that the number of
supporters gradually decreased and reached 17% level in February
2005. It first of all suggests the disappointment of people,
tiredness of experiments, carried out in Russia by state
However from December 1999 till February 2005 ãîäà, in spite of
variations in different periods, the number of the respondents
supporting social protection reforms increased by 8%. Especially
high spike - from 47% up to 57% - happened during the last several
The previous survey was made in May 2004, when the government had
just started to elaborate the law of benefit monetization. In
February most people have already experienced the results of this
hastily introduced reform and result was that more than a half of
the respondents mentioned that reforms need to be more social, aimed
at people for whom these reforms are introduced.