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Russians favour greater social protection

 

The poll was taken on 28 February 2005.

Pension reform, benefit monetization, housing and public utilities reform and new Housing Code - all these innovations affected interests of the majority of Russian population - to bigger or smaller extent. Against this background 1500 respondents from more than 100 cities and towns of Russia were asked the following question:

If you look back at the last decade what line of countrys development would you prefer?

The results were the following (click to enlarge):

 

Highslide JS

  • More than a half of the respondents (57%) think that the reforms should be carried out, but they should have more social character.
  • Almost every fifth respondent (21%) thinks that it is necessary to turn back to socialism.
  • About 17% of the respondents are sure that the current reform policy should be carried on.
  • 5% of the respondents find it difficult to answer this question.

Respondents from the Far East region (8%), the Urals region (12%) and the North-West region (13%) want to turn back to socialism least of all. The respondents from the Far East (78%) and in the Urals (69%) most of all insist on reforms providing social protection. Current reform policy suits the South region respondents more than the respondents from the other districts 20%.

Respondents of rural area (23%) and towns with population less than 100 thousand (24%) hope of return to socialism, while the respondents from big cities (67%) insist on strengthening of social protection during reforming. Current reform policy suits the respondents from cities with population of 500 thousand 1 mln people more than the respondents from the other areas 21%.

As to age split of the collected answers, it is not a big surprise that return to socialism was chosen mainly by the respondents of age 60 and above 40%. The respondents aged 25-34 insist that the reforms should have more social character 62%. And current reform policy suits the respondents of age 18-24 more than the others 27%.

If answers are split by education level, the following relation can be noted: the higher is the education level, the smaller is the number of respondents who want return of socialism and the larger is the number of those who think that the reforms should have social character. The same correlation is obtained when splitting the answers by income level.

This question has been asked by ROMIR Monitoring for several years already. So the changes of the attitude of the Russians towards reforming are the following:

As we can see, during the last 4,5 years the number of respondents which would prefer that Russia returned to socialism remained almost the same 25-21%. Current reforms received maximum support in December 2002 (30%), but after that the number of supporters gradually decreased and reached 17% level in February 2005. It first of all suggests the disappointment of people, tiredness of experiments, carried out in Russia by state authorities.

Highslide JS

However from December 1999 till February 2005 , in spite of variations in different periods, the number of the respondents supporting social protection reforms increased by 8%. Especially high spike - from 47% up to 57% - happened during the last several months.

The previous survey was made in May 2004, when the government had just started to elaborate the law of benefit monetization. In February most people have already experienced the results of this hastily introduced reform and result was that more than a half of the respondents mentioned that reforms need to be more social, aimed at people for whom these reforms are introduced.

Source: Romir

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