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HOW TO SOLVE THE COUNTRY'S CRUCIAL PROBLEMS?

 

The polls were taken on January 12-13 2004 and 19-20, 2008.

1600 respondents were interviewed each time in 153 population areas of 46 regions of Russia. The statistical error does not exceed 3.4%.

There exist different points of view at the present time with regard to how to solve the social and economic problems that the country is now facing. Which of the ones listed below would you most likely agree with?

 

January 2004

January 2008

A.

 

 

There has appeared a real menace to the democratic achievements (human rights and freedoms) and there exists a danger of a military-police regime being imposed

30

20

The situation in the country is developing in the right direction, the necessary order is being instilled and there is no menace to the democratic achievements

51

55

Hard to say

19

25

B.

 

 

The country requires significant changes and quick and cardinal reforms in the economic and political life of the country

39

29

The country needs stability, as well as reforms of evolutional character

50

55

Hard to say

11

16

C.

 

 

Privatization in Russia that took place at the beginning of the 90-ties, was in many respects, unfair and illegal, therefore, its results must be revised

51

51

There should not be any revision of the privatization results, as it may lead to severe conflicts in the society

36

29

Hard to say

13

20

D.

 

 

Russia should be a state that would first of all represent the interests of the Russian people

36

37

Russia should be a state where all the people living on its territory had equal rights and opportunities

55

51

Hard to say

9

12

E.

 

 

It is necessary to strictly limit entrance to Russia for citizens of other countries, including other countries of the former Soviet Union, as they create shortage of workplaces for Russians, aggravate the criminogenic situation in the country, etc.

52

51

It is not necessary to interfere with citizens of other countries entering Russia, but rather effectively regulate the migration flows use and the professional and cultural potential of these visitors for the sake of our country

38

33

Hard to say

10

16

F.

 

 

Russia should aspire to domination on all the territory of the former USSR

27

25

The relations that Russia has with the countries of the former Soviet Union should be the same as with any other country in the world

61

56

Hard to say

12

19

The situation in the country is developing in the right direction, the necessary order is being instilled and there is no menace to the democratic achievements, as 55% of respondents identify. 20% of respondents, however, adhere to the opposite viewpoint, stating that there has appeared a real menace to democracy and the danger of a military-police regime being imposed. The share of respondents supporting the first point of view has grown if compared to the data obtained in 2004 (from 51% up to 55%), whereas the portion of people who assume that the second version is right, has simultaneously reduced (from 30% down to 20%).

The country needs stability, as well as reforms of evolutional character, as 55% of respondents assume. 29% do not agree with this viewpoint; but rather think that the country requires significant changes and cardinal reforms in its economic and political life. The number of "conservatives" has increased (from 50% up to 55%) during the last four years, and the share of "radical reformers" has reduced in the same period of time (from 39% down to 29%).

Nevertheless, every second respondent (51%) favours a revision of the results of privatization that took place in the 90-ties, considering it to have been unfair and illegal in many respects. Less than a third of respondents (29%) oppose a revision like that, as it may lead to severe conflicts in the society. If compared with the data obtained in January 2004, the share of respondents who oppose a revision of privatization results has decreased (from 36% down to 29%), the share of those who find it hard to provide an answer to this question has increased simultaneously (from 13% up to 20%).

All the people living in Russia should have equal rights and opportunities, as half of respondents specify (51%). Those who think that our state should, first of all, represent the interests of the Russian people, are also quite numerous (37%).

It is necessary to strictly limit entrance to Russia for citizens of other countries, including other countries of the former Soviet Union, as they create shortage of workplaces for Russians, aggravate the criminogenic situation in the country, etc., as half of respondents identify (51%). A third of respondents adheres to the opposite point of view saying that it is not necessary to interfere with citizens of other countries entering Russia, but rather effectively use the professional and cultural potential of these visitors for the sake of our country. However, the share of respondents supporting this opinion has reduced during the last four years (from 38% down to 33%), the portion of respondents who found it hard to provide an answer to this question has grown simultaneously (from 10% up to 16%).

The relations that Russia has with the countries of the former Soviet Union should be the same as with any other country in the world, as over half of respondents consider (56%). One forth of respondents believe, that Russia should aspire to domination on all the territory of the former USSR. This question is causing Russians increasingly more difficulties (in 2004 there were 12% who found it hard to provide an estimation in this respect, however, this share has now reached 19%).

Source: VCIOM

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