Tenacity of the Subsistence
The poll was taken on
26 May 2006.
Above half of the Russians have
countryside cottages and two thirds of them cultivate their
household plots for winter consumption of fruit and vegetables.
ROMIR Monitoring Research Holding asked its
respondents to answer questions about their countryside cottages
(“dacha”), household plots and their importance in the life of
All-Russia survey embraced 1600 respondents aged 18 and above from
more than 100 cities and towns from all federal districts of Russia.
The sample is representative of the adult population of Russia and
error margin does not exceed +2,5%.
First of all the Russians were asked to answer if they have a
countryside cottage (“dacha”) or a household plot. The results show
that above half of those surveyed (58%) have a countryside cottage
or a household plot, while 42% do not. Owners of “dacha” or a
household plot were asked to complete the following statement:
I usually… (%)
The answers were as follows
(click to enlarge):
Above one third of dacha-owners spend their
week-ends in the countryside. Such frequency of
visiting countryside cottage is typical of the
respondents of Siberia federal district (43%), as
well as of those from cities with population from
500 thousand to 1 mln people (58%). Men a bit more
often than women visit their dachas from time to
time - 42% versus 32% respectively. The same
frequency is typical of young respondents (48%), of
those with higher education (51%) and high income
One quarter of owners of countryside cottages (26%)
said dacha is a place for spending the whole summer
season. And women (28%) are ready to part with city
conveniences for the summer with more willingness
than men (23%). As a rule the whole summer is spent
in the countryside by pensioners (43%), and by those
with primary education (34%).
7% of the Russians spend their vacations or part of
their vacations in the countryside. Such answer a
bit more often than on an average in the sample was
given by the respondents from North-West region
(16%), as well as by those from megapolises (14%).
Other 8% of dacha-owners do not go there during
summer season at all.
In order to find out purposes of visits to
the countryside cottages the respondents visiting their
dachas were asked to answer the following question:
Do you cultivate vegetables/
fruits/berries/flowers at your household plots? If
yes, what is the main purpose of it? (%)
The answers are given on the
(click to enlarge):
Almost two thirds of dacha-owners (63%) still make
their living by cultivating fruits and vegetables
for winter consumption. A bit more often than on an
average in the sample such answer was given by the
respondents from Siberia federal district (82%) as
well as by those from rural area (74%). Household
plots are of great assistance for pensioners (71%)
and for those with primary education (75%). The
survey also showed that fruits and vegetables
cultivated at their own household plots are
preferred by a considerable part of the respondents
with high income level (45%), to say nothing of the
Russians with medium (69%) and low income (68%).
Every fifth dacha-owner (20%) cultivates fruits and
vegetables for eating them in summer. A bit more
often than on an average in the sample such answer
was given by the respondents of Siberia federal
district (37%), and by those from cities with
population from 500 thousand to 1 mln people (32%).
Cultivating land for having fresh fruits and
vegetables is typical of the participants of the
survey with high income level (32%).
Every tenth owner of household plot (11%) cultivates
land just for pleasure. Such answer was chosen by
the respondents of Volga federal district (17%), and
by those from megapolises (23%). Farming is treated
as hobby most often by those with high income level
3% of the Russians grow fruits and vegetables for
sale, and 3% of dacha owners do not cultivate
anything at their household plots.