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 Tenacity of the Subsistence Economy

 

The poll was taken on 26 May 2006.

Above half of the Russians have countryside cottages and two thirds of them cultivate their household plots for winter consumption of fruit and vegetables.

ROMIR Monitoring Research Holding asked its respondents to answer questions about their countryside cottages (dacha), household plots and their importance in the life of Russian families.

All-Russia survey embraced 1600 respondents aged 18 and above from more than 100 cities and towns from all federal districts of Russia. The sample is representative of the adult population of Russia and error margin does not exceed +2,5%.

First of all the Russians were asked to answer if they have a countryside cottage (dacha) or a household plot. The results show that above half of those surveyed (58%) have a countryside cottage or a household plot, while 42% do not. Owners of dacha or a household plot were asked to complete the following statement:

I usually (%)

The answers were as follows
(click to enlarge):

 

Highslide JS

Above one third of dacha-owners spend their week-ends in the countryside. Such frequency of visiting countryside cottage is typical of the respondents of Siberia federal district (43%), as well as of those from cities with population from 500 thousand to 1 mln people (58%). Men a bit more often than women visit their dachas from time to time - 42% versus 32% respectively. The same frequency is typical of young respondents (48%), of those with higher education (51%) and high income level (52%).

One quarter of owners of countryside cottages (26%) said dacha is a place for spending the whole summer season. And women (28%) are ready to part with city conveniences for the summer with more willingness than men (23%). As a rule the whole summer is spent in the countryside by pensioners (43%), and by those with primary education (34%).

7% of the Russians spend their vacations or part of their vacations in the countryside. Such answer a bit more often than on an average in the sample was given by the respondents from North-West region (16%), as well as by those from megapolises (14%).

Other 8% of dacha-owners do not go there during summer season at all.

In order to find out purposes of visits to the countryside cottages the respondents visiting their dachas were asked to answer the following question:

Do you cultivate vegetables/ fruits/berries/flowers at your household plots? If yes, what is the main purpose of it? (%)

The answers are given on the right
(click to enlarge):

Highslide JS

Almost two thirds of dacha-owners (63%) still make their living by cultivating fruits and vegetables for winter consumption. A bit more often than on an average in the sample such answer was given by the respondents from Siberia federal district (82%) as well as by those from rural area (74%). Household plots are of great assistance for pensioners (71%) and for those with primary education (75%). The survey also showed that fruits and vegetables cultivated at their own household plots are preferred by a considerable part of the respondents with high income level (45%), to say nothing of the Russians with medium (69%) and low income (68%).

Every fifth dacha-owner (20%) cultivates fruits and vegetables for eating them in summer. A bit more often than on an average in the sample such answer was given by the respondents of Siberia federal district (37%), and by those from cities with population from 500 thousand to 1 mln people (32%). Cultivating land for having fresh fruits and vegetables is typical of the participants of the survey with high income level (32%).
Every tenth owner of household plot (11%) cultivates land just for pleasure. Such answer was chosen by the respondents of Volga federal district (17%), and by those from megapolises (23%). Farming is treated as hobby most often by those with high income level (16%).

3% of the Russians grow fruits and vegetables for sale, and 3% of dacha owners do not cultivate anything at their household plots.

Source: Romir

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