Assembly is made up of two chambers: the Federation Council and the
State Duma. While working in close cooperation with one another, the
chambers are also independent and have different terms of reference.
They meet separately and are located in different buildings in
Council’s main task is to reflect the positions and represent the
interests of the Russian regions. It consists of 178 members and is
formed according to the following principle: two deputies from each
constituent unit of the Russian Federation who are either elected or
appointed representatives of the legislative and executive branches
in their region.
Council has the exclusive jurisdiction over such questions as the
redemarcation of borders between constituent members of the
Federation, the ratification of presidential decrees on the
introduction of martial law or states of emergency, the use of
Russian armed forces outside the country’s borders and the calling
of presidential elections.
As the upper
house of parliament, the Federation Council has an important role to
play in the legislative process. The laws passed by the lower house,
the State Duma, must get the approval of the upper chamber. If the
Federation Council rejects a law, it is subjected to a special
conciliatory procedure and reconsideration by the State Duma.