All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links

Đóńńęŕ˙ âĺđńč˙


Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...


Soviet Organized Interests

"Gorbachev Factor"

One of the most important contributions of the group approach to the understanding of Communist systems was the discovery of institutional interest groups and the analysis of their unique role in Communist political systems. In the more liberal atmosphere of Gorbachev’s perestroika, when the rigid ideological constraints were relaxed, Soviet analysts were able to draw upon some of the findings and approaches of their Western colleagues and to contribute to the ongoing debate.  

The issue of interest groups, in particular, attracted the attention of some market-oriented Soviet economists. In 1986 the economists V. Naishul and V. Konstantinov advanced their own theory of Soviet directive planning. In their view, the formulation of state plans relied on a bureaucratic accommodation of interests between economic departments and also between them and the state planning agencies. This coordination evolved in the direction of the growing autonomy of departmental interests. Naishul later developed his ideas with the help of such concepts as “accommodation economy” and “administrative market” that challenged the widespread perception of the postwar Soviet order as a command-administrative system.

In the 1990s Russian analysts were able to uncover more detailed information about Soviet organized interests and investigate the extent of their influence. In particular, they were able to clarify the list of the more influential “complexes” of ministries and departments, lobbying in the common cause and thus constituting an interest group.

These included the military-industrial complex, comprised of nine military-industrial ministries; the construction industry complex, comprised of seven all-union ministries; the mining and metallurgical complex, represented by two ministries and several economic departments; the fuel and energy complex, comprised of four all-union ministries; the chemical industry complex, with three all-union ministries; the agro-industrial complex, with four all-union ministries and one department; the machine-building industry complex; and the transport and communications group. The remaining ministries and economic departments in charge of the production of consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, and other light industries did not have any significant weight in bureaucratic wrangling for investment and resources.

                                                               PREVIOUS NEXT
Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 — Alex Chubarov — All Rights Reserved


Models of Soviet Power


Soviet Russia

Understanding the Soviet Period
Russian Political Culture
Soviet Ideology
The Soviet System
Soviet Nationalities
The Economic Structure
The Socialist Experiment
"Great Leap" to Socialism
The USSR in World War II
Stalin's Legacy
Brezhnev's Stagnation
The Economy in Crisis
Political Reform
The USSR's Collapse

Models of Soviet Power

Tables and Statistics

Images & Video


Russia from A to Z

Learn Russian with Us