All Russias Home Tsarist Russia Soviet Russia Russian Federation Learn Russian Images & Video
        A L L R U S S I A S . C O M
Russia from A to Z Russia on YouTube Best Student Essays Jokes about Rulers Russia with Laugh Useful Links

 
 

Political Jokes

Russian Music Samples

When Putin Retires...

 

Oppressive Europeanization

 

The greatest paradox of Peters reform was that by shaking up Russian society, by introducing efficient and up-to-date methods, by equipping Russia with the military and economic might - and achieving all this mainly  by force and administrative coercion - Peter not only preserved the most salient features of traditional Muscovite society, but actually strengthened and reinvigorated them. 

 

The Petrine paradox  was forcefully expressed by the Russian philosopher George Plekhanov: In his Europeanization of Russia Peter developed to its final, logical conclusion the condition of complete helplessness of the population vis-à-vis the State that is characteristic of Oriental despotism. Some analysts even deny Peter the Europeanizing substance of his innovations. Alexander Kizevetter, for instance, argued that: Far from reducing, Peter increased ever more the burdens, imposed by the State on society... Having considerably modified the external forms of state institutions, Peter left completely untouched the basic principles of the old system of social  organization...   

The Reform considerably expanded the authority and influence of the Russian government over its own population. The power of the despotic, centralized state was made even more absolute and  its arbitrary rule was elevated into the basic principle of government. Society  was subjected to yet more rigid regimentation, with the heavy burden of  state service made compulsory for all classes of the population. The church was subordinated to the state, and the bondage of peasants was strengthened and made even harsher. In effect, Westernized Russia was in many respects more Russian than before.

                                                               PREVIOUS NEXT
 
Copyrighted material
We Are Partners
 
Bookmark This Site ││Site Map ││Send Feedback ││About This Site
Lecture Bullet Points
Copyright 2007-2017 Alex Chubarov All Rights Reserved

 
 

Peter the Great

 

Tsarist Russia

Pre-Petrine Russia
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great
Alexander I
Nicholas I
Alexander II
The Revolutionary Movement
Appearance of Marxism
The Last Romanovs
The Birth of Bolshevism
The Revolution of 1905-7
Between Revolutions
The Revolutions of 1917
Interpretations of 1917
The End of an Empire
Tables and Statistics
Chronology
Maps
Links

Images & Video

 

Russia from A to Z

Learn Russian with Us