late 1860s - early 1870s a whole number of groups among the
youth and students sprang up which were under the ideological
influence of revolutionary Narodnichestvo. None of them were
strict adherents to Lavrov’s, Bakunin’s, or Tkachev’s methods of
struggle. The revolutionary underground drew on their
theoretical recommendations selectively, adopting mixed tactics,
depending on the situation. In 1874 these young people
initiated a massive
‘going-to-the-people’ movement under Bakunin’s slogans of
insurrection and Lavrov’s calls for revolutionary propaganda.
Thousands of young intellectuals, both men and women, left their
homes, universities and employment and joined in a crusade to
spread the socialist gospel throughout the Russian countryside.
They were motivated by genuine sympathy for the sufferings of
the peasantry and youthful enthusiasm to serve a noble cause.